Make Query Table (Data Management)

The Make Query Table tool applies an SQL query to a database and the results are represented in a layer or table view. The query can be used to join several tables or return a subset of columns or rows from the original data in the database.

Make Query Table accepts data from an ArcSDE geodatabase, a file geodatabase, a personal geodatabase, or an OLE DB connection.

The layer that is created by the tool is temporary and will not persist after the session ends unless the document is saved.

Usage tips


MakeQueryTable_management (in_table, out_table, in_key_field_option, in_key_field, in_field, where_clause)
Parameter Explanation Datatype
Input Tables (Required)

The name of the table or tables to be used in the query. If several tables are listed, the Expression parameter can be used to define how they are to be joined.

The input table can be from an ArcSDE geodatabase, a file geodatabase, a personal geodatabase or an OLE DB connection.

Table View | Raster Layer
Table Name (Required)

The name of the layer or table view that will be created by the tool.

Table View | Raster Layer
Key Field Options (Required)

Indicates how an ObjectID field will be generated, if at all, for the query. The default is USE_KEY_FIELDS.

  • USE_KEY_FIELDS—This indicates that the fields chosen in the key fields list should be used to define the dynamic ObjectID column. If there are no fields chosen in the key fields list, the ADD VIRTUAL_KEY_FIELD option is automatically applied.
  • ADD_VIRTUAL_KEY_FIELD—This option indicates that no key fields have been chosen, but a dynamic ObjectID column is to be generated. This is done by copying the data to a local, system managed workspace and adding a field with unique values to the copy. The layer or table view can then access the copy and use the added field as the key field.
  • NO_KEY_FIELD—This option indicates that no dynamic ObjectID column is to be generated. Choosing this option means that selections will not be supported for the table view. If there is already a column of type ObjectID in the fields list, it will be used as the ObjectID even if this option is chosen.

Key Fields (Optional)

Specifies a field or combination of fields that can be used to uniquely identify a row in the query. This parameter is used only when the USE_KEY_FIELDS option is set.

The Add Field button, which is used only in ModelBuilder, allows you to add expected field(s) so you can complete the dialog and continue to build your model.

Fields (Required)

The fields to include in the layer or table view. If an alias is set for a field, this is the name that appears. If no fields are specified, all fields from all tables are included.

Expression (Optional)

An SQL expression used to select a subset of records.

The syntax for the expression differs slightly depending on the data source. For example, if you're querying file or ArcSDE geodatabases, shapefiles, coverages, dBASE or INFO tables, enclose field names in double quotes:


If you're querying personal geodatabases, enclose fields in square brackets:


For more information on SQL syntax and how it differs between data sources, see SQL Reference.

SQL Expression
Data types for geoprocessing tool parameters

Script Example

# Description: Create a query table from two OLE DB tables using a limited set of
#               fields and establishing a join.
# Author: ESRI
# Date 1/30/2004

# Create the geoprocessor object
import arcgisscripting
gp = arcgisscripting.create()

    # Local variables...
    Table_list = "Database Connections/balrog.odc/vtest.COUNTIES; Database Connections/balrog.odc/vtest.CODEMOG"
    Field_list = "vtest.COUNTIES.OBJECTID 'ObjectID' ;vtest.COUNTIES.NAME 'Name';vtest.CODEMOG.Males 'Males';vtest.CODEMOG.Females 'Females'"
    where_clause = "vtest.COUNTIES.FIPS = vtest.CODEMOG.Fips and vtest.COUNTIES.STATE_NAME = 'California'"

    # Make Query Table...

    # Print the total rows
    pDSC = gp.describe("CountyCombined")
    print gp.getcount("CountyCombined")

    # Print the fields
    Fields = pDSC.Fields
    Field = Fields.Next()
    while Field:
        print Field.Name
        fld = Fields.Next()

    # Save as a dBASE file
    gp.CopyRows("CountyCombined", "d:/temp/calinfo.dbf")

    # If an error occurred print the message to the screen
    print gp.GetMessages()

See Also

  • Make Table View (Data Management)